Tuesday, November 22, 2005

Super Seventies ...

Here’s another post; in an attempt to understand the musical phenomenon:
ROCK N' ROLL !!! It evolved in the mid-50’s …
50’s: Rockabilly
60’s: Surf-rock, Garage-rock, Psychedelic-rock, Progressive-rock, Glam-rock
70’s: Heavy-metal, Soft-rock, Folk-rock, Disco, Punk-rock
Next: 80’s rock
*** 80's Rock would be the last in this series ... HOPEFULLY !!!!

By seventies, the term Rock-N-Roll had become obsolete and substituted by just “Rock-music”. The chaotic events of the sixties [Vietnam war, social changes, womens movements] continued in the seventies. In fact the decade is full of tragic events:
• Jimi Hendrix died - 1970
• Janis Joplin died - 1970
• The Beatles break-down - 1970
• Jim Morrison died - 1971
• Elvis Presley died - 1977

However, Rock was ever popular in the 70's and a multitude of styles emerged:
• hard rock / heavy metal
• soft rock
• folk rock
• punk rock
• disco
Many forms of rock that emerged in the late sixties carried to early seventies, like folk rock, progressive rock and heavy metal ...

HEAVY METAL: It is characterized by heavy instrumentation- especially guitar, dark themes and aggressive up-tempo rhythms. The names Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple are associated with early heavy metals The coming of these groups to the US is termed as the "Second Wave of British Invasion". Soon many bands joined this form of music: Blue Oyster, Uriah heep, UFO, Cult, Kiss, Queen, AC/DC, Aerosmith, Z Z Top ...

There's a lady who's sure
All that glitters is gold
And she's buying a stairway to heaven
When she gets there she knows
If the stores are all closed
With a word she can get what she came for
And she's buying a stairway to heaven
[Stairways to heven: Led Zeppelin]

By mid-70's heavy metal was languishing into obscurity by mid-70's. [However few bands maintained large following - Led Zep, Queen, AC/DC, Aerosmith]

Backstroke lover always hidin' 'neath the covers
"Gonna talk to you" my daddy say
Said "You ain't seen nothin' till you're down on a muffin
Then you're sure to be a changin' your ways"
[Walk this Way : Aerosmith]

But by 1978, a "New Wave of British Heavy Metal" NWOBHM emerged with the coming of Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, Van Halen and Metallica ...
By 80's hair metal evolved with ... Def leppard, Poison, Van Halen, Motley Crew, Bon Jovi, Ratt ...
[*I will cover Metal Rock in details later]

SOFT ROCK / Lite-rock / Easy-rock / Mellow-rock
With the demise of Beatles as a group, other bands and groups took to soft-rock format, with focus on lyrics and ear-pleasing music. Major Acts: Phil Collins, Bread, Elton John, Rod Stewart, Carole King, Barry Manilow, Billy Joel, Carpenters, Gloria Estefan ...

FOLK ROCK: It was a rage in the seventies, popularised by Bob Dylan . Other bands include: The Byrds, Donovan, The Everly Brothers, Jim Corce, Joni Mitchell, The Eagles ....

DISCO: By 1973 many hits featured danceable disco beats. During this period, for the first time electronic instruments where used for commercial music on a mass-scale . This genre includes names like KC and the Sunshine Band, The O'Jays, Barry White, ABBA, Sister Sledge, The Jacksons, Donna Summer,Gloria Gaynor, Boney M . Disco reached its pinnacle with BeeGees music in 1977 film , "Saturday Night Fever". By the end of 70's there was huge anti-disco backlash. …

Whether you're a brother or whether you're a mother
you're stayin' alive, stayin' alive
Feel the city breakin' and everybody shakin'
and we're stayin' alive, stayin' alive
Ah, ha, ha, ha, stayin' alive, stayin' alive
Ah, ha, ha, ha, stayin' alive
[Staying Alive : The BeeGees ]

PUNK ROCK: Emerged as reaction against disco and progressive rock. Early punk borrowed heavily from garage bands. Punk was triipped down three chord music that could be played easily!. Major acts : Ramones, The Sex Pistols, Clash, New York Dolls, The stooges …
[ Already discussed …]

... Hopefully that ends this series ...


At 22 November, 2005 13:55, Blogger Prashanth said...

Finally, you're BEGINNING to talk my language here: Aerosmith, Metallica, Led Zeppelin, Def Leppard, Bon Jovi, Deep Purple, etc are among my favourites. Go forward another decade and we'd be well and truly on the same wavelength :)

At 23 November, 2005 20:12, Blogger Intern said...

Well Prashanth,

so you're a metal guy!!
For me its heartening to know that at least someone glances through these notes ...
though for me chronicling rock has been quite a learning experience ...
In fact when I started I never thought I'd be able to do it!

At 24 November, 2005 22:11, Blogger Artful Badger said...

Prashant metal guy? Metallica? Aerosmith?
I thought Prashant was more into the Corrs, Beatles and stuff like that!!

At 25 November, 2005 11:40, Blogger Prashanth said...

Whoever said such stuff is mutually exclusive? In any case... 5 years of IIT cured me of most of the pop stuff I used to listen to. Not the Corrs, no, they are way too cute for me to abandon ;)

At 25 November, 2005 11:41, Blogger Prashanth said...

See, there's the right usage of the C-word. Learn, Divya, learn.

At 25 November, 2005 15:34, Blogger Intern said...

Now Aerosmith, AC/DC, Scorpions are all great ..

Now that gives me wee bit of an incentive to cover Metal!!!


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